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Title: Solvent exposures at shoe factories and workshops in Hebron City, West Bank
Authors: Takrori, F.
Nijem, K
Kristensen, P
Thorud, S
Al-Khatib, A
Bjertness, E
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2001
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Citation: 31
Abstract: Exposure to organic solvents has been reported to increase the risks for acute and chronic health effects among shoe industry workers. In developing countries, protection against chemical exposures is often not provided. The study was conducted to identify working conditions and estimate the concentrations of organic solvents used in shoe factories and workshops in Hebron City. Personal interviews containing questions related to personal protective equipment (PPE) were used to identify working conditions, and samples collected from factories and workshops were analyzed using gas chromatography. Geometric means (GMs) were calculated for the solvents. Six major organic solvents were detected in the factories. Acetone (GM = 51.5 mg/m3, GSD = 3.82) was common in gluing tasks. Dichloromethane (GM = 47 mg/m3, GSD = 2.62) was common in cleaning tasks. Heptane, methylethyl ketone, n-hexane, and
ISSN: DOI: 10.1179/oeh.2001.7.3.182
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